The obligation of Hajj is confirmed by the Quran and the Sunnah of the Messenger
of Allah, as well as the consensus agreement of Muslim scholars. Whoever denies
the obligation of Hajj will be regarded an infidel, and whoever abandons it because
of his indifference to it, though he admits its obligation, is on the verge of disbelief.
Allah the Almighty says which translates as:
“Pilgrimage is an obligation that Allah imposed on people who can afford the
journey; but if any denies this obligation, Allah does not need anything from
His creatures.” (Aal-`Imraan: 97).
The Prophet said : that Islam is founded on five pillars, and that if any of these
five is lacking your Islam will not be complete.
Umar bin Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “ I was about to send
envoys to check on all those who have the means to make Hajj but do not
perform it, in order to demand them to pay Jizyah; they are not Muslims, they
are not Muslims.”
Hajj is one of the best kinds of worship and the greatest in reward.
The Prophet said: “…the reward of Hajj Mabrur (a Hajj accepted by Allah)
is Paradise.” The Prophet also said: “Whoever performs Hajj and does not
commit any obscenity, does not engage in non-sense, WILL come out of his
sins and will be sinless as a newly born baby.” (Bukhari/Muslim)
Hajj can be performed in three different ways: Tamattu’, – Qiraan, –and Ifraad.
a) Tamattu` ( تمتع ) means performing `Umrah during the Hajj season, getting out of
Ihram, and on the Day of Tarwiyah (8th Dhul-Alhijja) entering the state of Ihram
again with the intention to perform Hajj. This type of hajj is the most recommended
for people and it was encouraged by the Prophet .
b) Qiraan ( قران ) means combining Hajj and ‘Umrah. In other words, the pilgrim
declares his intention to perform both Hajj and `Umrah together. The pilgrim stays
in Ihram until he finishes Hajj.
Note: Animal sacrifice is required for Tamattu’ and Qiraan. Quran Chapter 2, Al-
Baqarah Verse 196:“…., whoever takes advantage of this journey and perform
`Umrah, shall offer the sacrifice that he can afford. But if he cannot afford a
sacrifice, he shall fast three days during the Hajj season and seven days
after reaching home, that is, ten days in all. ….”
c) Ifraad ( إفراد ) means that the pilgrim declares his intention for Hajj only. The
pilgrim maintains his Ihraam up to the Day of Sacrifice. Animal sacrifice IS NOT
Although, not all scholars and school of thoughts have agreed on specific pillars,
the following four pillars are the most agreed upon:
1. Ihraam 2. Tawaaf 3. Sa’y 4. Woqoof in Arafat.
Note: If a pilgrim fails to perform a pillar, then his hajj is not complete.
With regards to the requirements of Hajj ( واجبات ), the differences of opinions are
even greater among scholars and school of thoughts. To that end, it is highly
recommended for every pilgrim to educate himself and ask questions before
missing a requirement, then finding himself in a dilemma and asking how to solve
or make up for a mistake. For example, Spending the night in Muzdalifah, some
scholars consider it “a Pillar”, others consider it “a Requirement”, and a third group
consider it “a Sunnah”, so it is better to spend the night in Muzdalifah and avoid
Most scholars, however, agreed on the following requirements:
1. Ihraam from the Meeqat. 2. Spending the night of Eid in Muzdalifah
(Except for the sick and elderly people and those who take care of them) 3.
Spending the nights of Tashreeq in Minaa 4. Stoning (Ramee Aljamarat), and 5.
Shaving or shortening of the Hair.
Other scholars added other requirements such as: (6) Staying in Arafat until
(7) Tawaaf of the Arrival (Quodoom), (8) Farewell Tawaaf, (9) The two Rakaas of
Tawaaf, and (10) Talbyyah.
at the Meeqat or shortly before. It is recommended that the Pilgrim does the
following before entering the state of Ihram:
Cut his hair or shave it as he used to do before.
Cut his nails and remove pubic hair.
Take a bath, perform ablution, and Apply perfume.
Wear two garments of unsown white cloth.
Pray two Rakaat in a permissible time. (Ref: Hadeeth Bilal (RA) when the
Prophet told him that he heard him walking in Jannah).
Al Rafth: Husband and wife can’t have intimate relations or foreplay.
Fousouq: Being disobedient.
Jeedal: Arguing which leads to insulting and/or fighting
In addition, the pilgrim should avoid the following:
Wearing sown clothes (for men).
Cutting the hair or cutting the nails. Hunting or Cutting trees
Using perfume (or any scented soap or shampoo)
Covering the head (for men).
Wearing socks and full shoes (Pilgrims should wear slippers or sandals).
Covering of the face or feet during sleep.
Take a shower with simple water or unscented soap.
Rub the head or the body very gently without causing any hair to drop
Wear sandals, glasses, earphones, watch, or a money belt.
Change Ihram sheets if they become dirty.